The First Nations Financial Management Board (FMB) has been supporting First Nations since 2006. Take a look back at some of the important historical milestones that led to the creation of the FMB to support First Nations in developing and implementing good governance and finance practices
An amendment to the Indian Act, known as the Kamloops Amendment, makes it possible for First Nations to collect property taxes from non-First Nations people with properties on reserve lands.
The Minister of Indian Affairs establishes the Indian Taxation Advisory Board (ITAB) to oversee the management of the new tax powers.
First Nations across Canada begin collecting property taxes on their reserve lands, starting in British Columbia, where First Nations take over 100% of the revenues of property tax on reserve lands.
As a national initiative lead by the AFN on fiscal relations, First Nations across Canada are asked to be part of an advisory panel that creates the legislation to be known as the First Nations Fiscal and Statistical Management Act.
The move into local revenues creates new challenges for First Nations. Accepting the need for legislation, the First Nations propose the First Nations Fiscal and Statistical Management Act (FNFSMA). The FNFSMA receives Royal Assent on March 23, 2005, and is later renamed the First Nations Fiscal Management Act (FMA).
The FMA comes into effect on April 1, 2006 as optional First Nations legislation. The Act establishes three institutions: The First Nations Finance Authority (FNFA), the First Nations Tax Commission (FNTC), and the First Nations Financial Management Board (FMB). The FMB’s purpose is to support First Nations to develop and implement good governance and finance practices.
The FMB holds its first Board of Directors meeting in June 2007 and becomes fully operational in August 2007.
The Financial Administration Law, Financial Performance and Financial Management System Standards are developed.
The Financing Secured by Other Revenues Regulations comes into force to allow all First Nations with own source revenues, not just taxing First Nations, to borrow from the First Nations Finance Authority.
First clients to get Financial Performance Certificate:
- Osoyoos Indian Band
- Songhees Nation
- Tzeachten First Nation
Moody's Investors and DBRS, two global credit rating agencies, give the First Nations Finance Authority investment grade credit ratings. The FMB's governance framework and oversight authorities are reflected in these strong credit ratings. Borrowing members demonstrate a commitment to put in place strong governance and finance practices based on the FMB's framework.